25/09/2013 21:33I have read your report on your trip to Barcelona, where your boat encountered Diesel bug..I have heard this expression quite a lot. but what is it and how does it effect your engine?
Would like to know.
13/10/2013 18:11Bacteria in diesel is a well known problem to anyone who works with diesel engines, so what is this bug and why does it contaminate diesel?
Diesel is an organic fuel so it provides an ideal environment for microscopic fungi, yeast and bacteria to feed and grow.
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This environment provides:
• dissolved water for germination
• carbon for food
• oxygen and sulphur for respiration
• trace elements for growth and propagation.
As many as twenty seven (27) varieties of bacteria are responsible for the majority of problems with diesel engines and their performance. There are many differing types of bacteria which can infect systems and form bio-films on steel surfaces. Accelerated corrosion can also occur wherever the bio-film settles, usually in pits or crevices. Unlike general corrosion, it is an attack on a very specific area.
It is very difficult to determine when a system is first contaminated, but once contaminated diesel enters the fuel system, it is very difficult to eradicate.
Diesel bug can originate from the air or moisture, or during tank filling and/or expansion and contraction of storage tanks, the bacteria cover themselves in a protective film (slime) to protect against biocides and can lie dormant in the minute crevices of the metal, rubber and polyurethane coatings of the fuel tanks and fuel systems.
Then, when water is present (a droplet is a lake to a microbe) and the environment hits the right temperature range, they begin reproduction in the area of fuel/water interface.
Microscopic in size, they can develop into a mat easily visible to the naked eye very rapidly. A single cell, weighing only one millionth of a gram can grow to a biomass of 10 kilograms in just 12 hours, resulting in a biomass several centimetres thick across the fuel/water interface.
Each species has its own characteristics:
Bacteria utilise hydrocarbons and reproduce asexually by binary fission; swelling in size as they feed, they then separate into two cells. In this way, microbes double their numbers every 20 minutes, one spore converting to 262,144 in 6 hours.
SULPHATE REDUCING BACTERIA (SRB)
SRB's are a specific group of bacteria utilising simple carbon, not hydrocarbons, and require the activity of other microbes in a consortium. Aerobic (in the presence of oxygen) or anaerobic (without oxygen) bacteria have a combined effect. The aerobic bacteria (sulphate oxidising) create a film to consume the oxygen first. This allows the anaerobic (sulphate reducing) bacteria to thrive.
SRB's reduce sulphates and produce hydrogen sulphide (a lethal gas). They are directly involved with many microbial corrosion reactions and can cause sulphide souring of stored distillate products. Their action changes the Ph creating an acidic environment, conducive to accelerated corrosion. They attach themselves to the steel as a film and go to work. They derive their nutrition from the surrounding environment and multiply. They are particularly difficult to deal with and produce a sludgy by-product with a strong sulphur odour similar to rotten eggs (hydrogen sulphide).
IRON REDUCING BACTERIA
These also contribute to corrosion, eating steel and reducing ferrite to an oxide through a chemical reaction.
Yeasts prefer acidic environments, such as produced by SRB's. They bud on the parent cell, eventually separating. Reproduction takes several hours.
Fungi grow in the form of branched hyphae, a few microns in diameter, forming thick, tough, intertwined mycelia mats at fuel/water interfaces.
All of these can and do cause damage to the fuel system.
Maintain the fuel system by draining water very regularly, keep the tank as full as possible, (especially over-night) and try to ensure your supplier maintains his system well.
Clean the entire system with a cleaning agent available from or recommend by your diesel supplier.
02/11/2013 09:32Microbes that live at the interface between water and diesel fuel are what are commonly referred to as diesel bug. They are also less commonly known as diesel virus and diesel fungus. It is the water in the fuel tank that the diesel bug survives on, and allows it to reproduce at an extremely fast rate. The term 'Diesel Bug' is a commonly accepted term for a number of contaminants that include microbial bacteria, fungi and algae.
The microbes have a very short life, but multiply and produce waste deposits before they die and descend to the bottom of the fuel tank. Due to the rate of reproduction the build up of dead microbes can be quite fast. They need water to survive and any fuel tank with an air pocket will produce condensation when the temperature falls far enough. This is why aeroplanes fill their tanks when left to stand (to reduce the size of the air pocket) and have water drainage taps to release the condensed water from the bottom of their fuel tanks. Engine failure when in flight is a tad more risky than when afloat or on wheels.
When dead diesel bugs, sludge or water is sucked into the fuel lines the resulting filter and injector blockages can cause engine failure and an extended and dirty tank cleaning exercise, with the added annoyance and expense of lost contaminated fuel inside the tank.
Diesel bug additives have been developed to kill the bugs but the additives do not remove the dead bugs, relying on the engine combustion to burn them off. This does not appear to work with all engines, as some engineers will opine, and neither will the additives remove the water, sludge and rust deposits that still sit in the bottom of the tank alongside the diesel bugs. New sulphur-free diesel with a bio diesel element is also more prone to contamination by bacteria, and this again can cause blockages and corrosion.